Haoyu Tan’s code library. Contribute to haoyutan/codelib development by creating an account on GitHub. Autotools: a practitioner’s guide to Autoconf, Automake and Libtool. by John Calcote – Chapter 1: A brief introduction to the GNU Autotools. by John . There are few people who would deny that Autoconf, Automake and Libtool have revolutionized the free software world. While there are many thousands of.

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Perhaps he’s always simply copied one configure. Another problem is seen in the final response where the OP is told, ” You’d think it wouldn’t have made that much difference, but it really does. Now, it’s truly wonderful that we have experts on mailing lists who are so willing to respond cheerfully to questions like this, and so quickly–this exchange took place within a few hours.

Take sedfor example: What we need is a cookbook-style approach, covering real problems found in real projects. This chapter describes the interaction between these packages, and the files consumed by and generated by each one. Source-level distribution relegates a particular portion of the responsibility of software development to the end-user that has traditionally been assumed by the software developer.

Interestingly, books on Perl sell like Perl’s going out of style–which is actually somewhat true these days–and yet people are still buying enough Perl books to keep their publishers happy. You do it by creating a user build, installation and operation experience that shines.

Put enough of these under your belt and overall mastery of the Autotools is ultimately inevitable.

Autotools: a practitioner’s guide to Autoconf, Automake and Libtool

What a dream of a tool pratcitioner work with–I love it! The initial reading will reduce the frustration of this exercise to something bearable.

In fact, one editor told me that he himself had tried unsuccessfully autktools entice authors to write this book a practotioner years ago. In the early ‘s I was working on the final stages of my bachelor’s degree in computer science at Brigham Young University. Many of them have a fairly solid understanding of the Autotools by now, but at what expense in time and effort did they gain this understanding?


Each of those maintainers probably uses or has tried to use the Autotools. Don’t worry if you feel overwhelmed after reading Chapter 1. It’s very easy to type make –but that’s not the problem. Chapter 7 is a compilation of tips and tricks or resusable solutions that I’ve come across during my experience with the Autotools. Most packages are built using makefiles, and the make utility is as pervasive a tool as anything else that’s available.

For example, here’s pfactitioner message I came across a few days ago while I was perusing the Autoconf mailing list:. I’ve practitiondr a lot about free software maintenance and development–most of it, unfortunately, by trial and error. Neither do I, but there is autotols handful of developers in the world who peactitioner a large percentage of these differences.

This book is written for the open source software package maintainer. Let me try to explain with an analogy. I just didn’t have the background I needed. Alright, suppose he does; either way, he’s clearly not an m4 expert or he wouldn’t have needed help with this issue to begin with.

Appendix A provides an overview of those features of the M4 macro processor that are relevant to obtaining a solid understanding of Autoconf.

To drive my point home, I’ll wager that you’ll never see a Linux distribution packager spouting hateful sentiment on the Autotools mailing lists. You can instead use dnl to ignore the trailing whitespace, provided practihioner closing paren is in column 1. I chose not to do this for two reasons: And therein lies the problem. These people are in a class of engineers by themselves. First, I didn’t want to clutter the main text with side issues–one of my goals in writing this book was to make it readable.

See what other experts have done. I struggled the entire semester with little progress. The use of the term “open source” is critical in this context. Thus was born the ubiquitous configure script–initially a simple shell script that configured the end-user’s environment so that the make utility could successfully build a source package on the end-user’s system.

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Pick up the manuals. What was missing the first xutotools However, practtioner looking, I submit that similar questions have probably been asked dozens of times in the last 5 years.

Autotools: a practitioner’s guide to Autoconf, Automake and Libtool

Here are some of the problems with the response to this request: If parctitioner 10 percent of those are still active, that’s still 20, live projects.

I’m purposely not using the terms “free software” or “proprietary software that’s free”.

But this high-level functionality comes at a price–you have to learn to understand what the compiler is doing for you, so you can write your code in a way that complements it. Above all, remember why you’re doing this–because you want your end-user’s experience with your package to be as practitooner as possible.

You’ll still need to handle the operation experience, of course, but Autotools can provide a great multi-platform build and installation experience–with far less effort on your part. So, returning to that passionate hate felt by some developers toward the Autotools: But you are required to manage all of the details yourself. This chapter also goes into detail on the GNU coding standards and the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard documents, both of which have played vital roles in the design of the Autotools.

Not because mailing list posters don’t read the archives although I’ll admit that they probably don’t often do sobut rather because this problem can rear its ugly head in many different ways, none of which look remotely related to each other in the eyes of the uninitiated.

If so, he may just assume that the square brackets are necessary around each parameter in an Autoconf macro.

How wrong I was. Does the OP understand the concept of quoting as it relates to m4 or to Autoconf?

The advantages should be clear.